The Ukrainian Holodomor: A Trauma Beyond Trauma (Part I)


A Trauma beyond Trauma: The Great Famine of 1932-1933 in Ukraine

The reign of Joseph Stalin as head of the Politburo of the Communist Party during the 1930s, and then as Premier of the Soviet Union in the 1940s and 1950s, is associated with massive arrests and deportations, the oppression of all forms of religious expression, the destruction of the intelligentsia, and the brutally implemented collectivization of the farming system in Ukraine which resulted in the starvation of a minimum of 5 million people.  In his recently published book, Norman M. Naimark (2010) argues that Stalin should be considered a genocidaire and notes that when this dictator listened to reports of the countless numbers of deaths which were the result of his purges he did not express remorse. Between the late 1920s and his death in 1953, it is said that he was personally responsible for more than a million…

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Liberty, Equality, Fraternity. What about community and diversity?

Laura on Liberty

Eugene Delacroix’s Liberty Leading the People is an iconic image of The French Revolution. The painting romantically depicts sacred Marianne, the personification of liberty bearing the tricolour and leading the common people in the July revolutions of 1830. The revolution of 1789 and the upheaval that followed in the next century saw France define themselves as a nation that was to be a beacon of equality and epitomise the true meaning of liberty with its republican rule. It is no wonder that the revolution is of such interest to historians (including myself) given its sheer magnitude and the dramatic nature of overthrowing a monarchy and establishing republican rule in an era that was largely dominated and defined by absolutist monarchies.

liberty leading the people Eugene Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People, 1830.

The French Revolution has been studied in tremendous depth by scholars and despite the bloody years of the terror , the revolution has…

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Daily Thought: Dark Sayings Among the Dead

Southern Nights

Hard is it in the world, great whoredom, an axe age, a sword age, shields will be cloven, a wind age, a wolf age, ere the world sinks.

—Song of the Volüspa

Rereading various versions of the ancient Edda’s of the Norse cultures, both the poetic and the later prose works, one gets the same sense of chaos and apocalyptic cultures as ours. A sense that something has gone horribly wrong on this planet, that we are in the midst of a great whoredom: an age of false leaders, of rapine pillage of the rich upon the poor, and the daemonic unleashing of violence and madness, mayhem and dread in the lives of ordinary citizens. Even the media which once seemed to have some unifying message about our world is in disrepute. Yes, one has to agree with the oracle of that ancient world: our world’s shields, our defenses, are…

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